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Balanced diet is a key to stay healthy. Follow the "This link will open in a new windowHealthy Eating Food Pyramid" guide as you pick your food. Grains should be taken as the major dietary source. Eat more fruit and vegetables. Have a moderate amount of meat, fish, egg, milk and their alternatives. Reduce salt, fat/ oil and sugar. Trim fat from meat before cooking. Choose low-fat cooking methods such as steaming, stewing, simmering, boiling, scalding or cooking with non-stick frying pans. Also reduce the use of frying and deep-frying. These can help us achieve balanced diet and promote health.
   
This link will open in a new windowOrgan donation is the greatest gift to the patients and their family. Body organs no longer have a functional use for a person who passed away. Yet these organs may become an irreplaceable source of life for those who are desperately waiting for organ transplant. Support organ donation to kindle the hope of life for those patients with imminent need of organ transplant.
   
This link will open in a new windowDengue fever is an acute mosquito-borne infection caused by the dengue viruses. It is transmitted to humans through the bites of infective female Aedes mosquitoes. The dengue viruses encompass 4 different serotypes. The symptoms of first infection are usually mild. Once recovered, lifelong immunity to that serotype of dengue virus will develop. However, cross-immunity to the other three serotypes after recovery is only partial and temporary. Subsequent infections with other serotypes of dengue virus are more likely to result in severe dengue which is potentially fatal. The best preventive measure is to eliminate pockets of stagnant water that serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes, and to avoid mosquito bites.
   
This link will open in a new windowHand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a common disease in children caused by enteroviruses such as coxsackieviruses and enterovirus 71. The usual peak season for HFMD in Hong Kong is from early summer to autumn. It mainly spreads by contact with an infected person’s nose or throat discharges, saliva, fluid from vesicles or stool, or after touching contaminated objects. There is no effective vaccine against HFMD. Hence, maintaining good personal and environmental hygiene are the mainstay of prevention.
   
This link will open in a new windowMiddle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus. To prevent MERS, avoid contact with animals, especially camels including riding camels or participating in any activity involving contact with camels. Wash hands before and after touching animals in case of visits to farms, barns or markets with camels. Adhere to food safety and hygiene rules such as avoiding consuming raw or undercooked animal products. If feeling unwell during the two weeks after returning to Hong Kong, wear a surgical mask, seek medical attention immediately and inform doctor of recent travel history.
   
Hong Kong takes pride in having achieved This link will open in a new windowhealth indices which rank among the best in the world.
   
During the past 47 years, the This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy at birth has been steadily rising, to reach 81.7* years among males and 87.7* years among females in 2017.
   
As a result of increasing This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy, Hong Kong's population has been aging steadily. In 2017, 16.4% of the population were aged 65 and above (10.3% in 1997, 12.6% in 2007) while the elderly dependency ratio was 228 per 1000 population aged 15 to 64 (145 in 1997, 170 in 2007).
   
In 2017, the registered This link will open in a new windowcrude death rate was 6.2 per 1000 population. In the last 20 years, the age-specific death rates for all ages have fallen significantly. The This link will open in a new windowage-standardised death rate, which takes into account population aging, has shown a steady decline.
   
This link will open in a new windowInfant mortality rate was consistently low at 1.6* per 1000 registered live births in 2017.
   
This link will open in a new windowMaternal mortality ratio remained low over the last two decades. There was one* registered maternal death in 2017, giving a maternal mortality ratio of 1.8* per 100000 registered live births.
   
Chronic diseases constituted the This link will open in a new windowmajor causes of death in Hong Kong. In 2017, malignant neoplasms, diseases of heart, cerebrovascular diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases together accounted for 54.6*% of all registered death.
   
* Provisional figures.
   


Last Revision Date : 28 June 2018