Do You Know that...
|The human body can regulate internal temperature within safe limits spontaneously. When we get hot, the temperature control centre inside our body will trigger responses such as sweating and increasing breathing rate to cool us down. However, when the environment becomes extremely hot and spontaneous responses cannot effectively cool down our body, heat exhaustion or even heat stroke will occur. Do take precautions for the This link will open in a new windowprevention of heat stroke.|
|Balanced diet is a key to stay healthy. Follow the "This link will open in a new windowHealthy Eating Food Pyramid" guide as you pick your food. Grains should be taken as the major dietary source. Eat more fruit and vegetables. Have a moderate amount of meat, fish, egg, milk and their alternatives. Reduce salt, fat/ oil and sugar. Trim fat from meat before cooking. Choose low-fat cooking methods such as steaming, stewing, simmering, boiling, scalding or cooking with non-stick frying pans. Also reduce the use of frying and deep-frying. These can help us achieve balanced diet and promote health.|
|To safeguard public health and to allow the resuming of normal activities of society gradually, the Government is implementing a territory-wide This link will open in a new windowCOVID-19 Vaccination Programme free of charge for all Hong Kong residents. Under the Programme, COVID-19 vaccination will be available in different locations, including Community Vaccination Centres, hospitals and clinics, and outreach to residential care homes or other suitable venues. Early vaccination for all!|
|This link will open in a new windowCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the disease caused by a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. The main mode of transmission is through respiratory droplets, the virus can also be transmitted through contact. Members of the public should always maintain good personal and environmental hygiene. Keep hands clean. Avoid social gathering. Avoid going to crowded places and receive COVID-19 vaccination. If feeling unwell, one should seek medical advice promptly and get testing done. We all need to work together to cut COVID-19 spreading in the community.|
|This link will open in a new windowDengue fever is an acute mosquito-borne infection caused by the dengue viruses. It is transmitted to humans through the bites of infective female Aedes mosquitoes. The dengue viruses encompass 4 different serotypes. The symptoms of first infection are usually mild. Once recovered, lifelong immunity to that serotype of virus will develop. Subsequent infections with other serotypes of dengue virus are more likely to result in severe dengue which is potentially fatal. The best preventive measure is to eliminate pockets of stagnant water that serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes, and to avoid mosquito bites.|
|Health indices in Hong Kong rank among the best in the world.|
|During the past 50 years, the life expectancy at birth has been steadily rising, to reach 82.7* years among males and 88.1* years among females in 2020.|
|Hong Kong's population has been aging steadily. In 2020, 18.3% of the population were aged 65 and above (10.9% in 2000, 13.1% in 2010) while the elderly dependency ratio was 262 per 1000 population aged 15 to 64 (152 in 2000, 175 in 2010).|
|In 2020, the registered crude death rate was 6.8 per 1000 population. In the last 21 years, the age-specific death rates for all ages have fallen significantly. The age-standardised death rate, which takes into account population aging, has shown a steady decline.|
|Infant mortality rate was consistently low at 2.0* per 1000 registered live births in 2020.|
|Maternal mortality ratio remained low over the last two decades. There was no* registered maternal death in 2020, giving a maternal mortality ratio of 0* per 100000 registered live births|
|Chronic diseases constituted the major causes of death Hong Kong. In 2020, malignant neoplasms, diseases of heart, cerebrovascular diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases together accounted for 50.7*% of all registered death.|
* Provisional figures.
23 Jul 2021