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This link will open in a new windowWeight management may seem to be mysterious to many people but the main cause of weight problems is actually very simple and straight-forward - it is the imbalance between the input and the output of energy.
   
Let's support the "Joyful Fruit Month". Fruit is rich in vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre. We recommend at least 2 servings of fruit a day to adult for improving health and reducing the risks of major diseases. What is This link will open in a new windowone serving of fruit?
   
This link will open in a new windowDengue fever is an acute mosquito-borne infection caused by the dengue viruses. It is transmitted to humans through the bites of infective female Aedes mosquitoes. The dengue viruses encompass 4 different serotypes. The symptoms of first infection are usually mild. Subsequent infections with other serotypes of dengue virus are more likely to result in severe dengue which is more severe and can be fatal. The best preventive measure is to eliminate pockets of stagnant water that serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes, and to avoid mosquito bites.
   
This link will open in a new windowSeasonal influenza is an acute illness of the respiratory tract caused by influenza viruses. Influenza viruses mainly spread through droplets when infected people cough, sneeze or talk. To prevent seasonal influenza, members of the public should maintain personal and environmental hygiene. As severe cases can occur even in healthy individuals, to protect ourselves, please consult family doctors about the details of receiving seasonal influenza vaccination.
   
This link will open in a new windowHand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a common disease in children caused by enteroviruses such as coxsackieviruses and enterovirus 71. The usual peak season for HFMD in Hong Kong is from early summer to autumn. It mainly spreads by contact with an infected person's nose or throat discharges, saliva, fluid from vesicles or stool, or after touching contaminated objects. There is no effective vaccine against HFMD. Hence, maintaining good personal and environmental hygiene are the mainstay of prevention.
   
Hong Kong takes pride in having achieved This link will open in a new windowhealth indices which rank among the best in the world.
   
During the past 46 years, the This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy at birth has been steadily rising, to reach 81.3 years among males and 87.3 years among females in 2016.
   
As a result of increasing This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy, Hong Kong's population has been aging steadily. In 2016, 15.9% of the population were aged 65 and above (10.2% in 1996, 12.4% in 2006) while the elderly dependency ratio was 218 per 1000 population aged 15 to 64 (143 in 1996, 168 in 2006).
   
In 2016, the registered This link will open in a new windowcrude death rate was 6.4 per 1000 population. In the last 20 years, the age-specific death rates for all ages have fallen significantly. The This link will open in a new windowage-standardised death rate, which takes into account population aging, has shown a steady decline.
   
This link will open in a new windowInfant mortality rate was consistently low at 1.7 per 1000 registered live births in 2016.
   
This link will open in a new windowMaternal mortality ratio remained low over the last two decades. There was no registered maternal death in 2016, giving a maternal mortality ratio of 0.0 per 100000 registered live births.
   
Chronic diseases constituted the This link will open in a new windowmajor causes of death in Hong Kong. In 2016, malignant neoplasms, diseases of heart, cerebrovascular diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases together accounted for 54.2% of all registered death.
   
   
   
  Last Revision Date : 28 Mar 2018