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Lunar New Year is a joyous Chinese festival. It is a time to eat heartily. Over-eating is not good for health. Staying healthy is as important as enjoying the festivity. The following suggestions on This link will open in a new windowLunar New Year Treats should be useful for healthy eating during Lunar New Year.
   
Alcohol is a sedative, it affects the co-ordination of the body's movement, impairs judgment and slows down your responses. As a result, you are more prone to accidents. Excessive drinking will have harmful effects on your physical and mental health. It ruins your social life and your work too. This link will open in a new windowAvoid Alcohol Abuse!
   
This link will open in a new windowSeasonal influenza is an acute illness of the respiratory tract caused by influenza viruses. Influenza viruses mainly spread through droplets when infected people cough, sneeze or talk. To prevent seasonal influenza, members of the public should maintain personal and environmental hygiene. As severe cases can occur even in healthy individuals, to protect ourselves, please consult family doctors about the details of receiving seasonal influenza vaccination.
   
This link will open in a new windowPneumococcal infection is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). Pneumococcus causes a wide range of diseases, more common ones include middle ear infection (acute otitis media) and chest infection (pneumonia). It may also cause various forms of invasive pneumococcal diseases. It mainly spreads through droplets via coughing and sneezing, close contact with the patients or contact with materials soiled with the bacteria. Pneumococcal vaccination is one of the most effective means of preventing pneumococcal infection. Members of the public should also maintain good personal and environmental hygiene.
   
This link will open in a new windowScarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by Group A Streptococcus. It mostly affects children under 10 years of age. The bacteria are present in the mouth, throat and nose of the infected person. They are transmitted through either respiratory droplets or direct contact with infected respiratory secretions. To prevent scarlet fever, members of the public are advised to maintain good personal and environmental hygiene. Children suffering from scarlet fever should refrain from attending school or child care setting until fever has subsided and they have been treated with antibiotics for at least 24 hours.
   
Hong Kong takes pride in having achieved This link will open in a new windowhealth indices which rank among the best in the world.
   
During the past 46 years, the This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy at birth has been steadily rising, to reach 81.3 years among males and 87.3 years among females in 2016.
   
As a result of increasing This link will open in a new windowlife expectancy, Hong Kong's population has been aging steadily. In 2016, 15.9% of the population were aged 65 and above (10.2% in 1996, 12.4% in 2006) while the elderly dependency ratio was 218 per 1000 population aged 15 to 64 (143 in 1996, 168 in 2006).
   
In 2016, the registered This link will open in a new windowcrude death rate was 6.4 per 1000 population. In the last 20 years, the age-specific death rates for all ages have fallen significantly. The This link will open in a new windowage-standardised death rate, which takes into account population aging, has shown a steady decline.
   
This link will open in a new windowInfant mortality rate was consistently low at 1.7 per 1000 registered live births in 2016.
   
This link will open in a new windowMaternal mortality ratio remained low over the last two decades. There was no registered maternal death in 2016, giving a maternal mortality ratio of 0.0 per 100000 registered live births.
   
Chronic diseases constituted the This link will open in a new windowmajor causes of death in Hong Kong. In 2016, malignant neoplasms, diseases of heart, cerebrovascular diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases together accounted for 54.2% of all registered death.
   
   
   
  Last Revision Date : 29 Dec 2017